Travel & Tourism XI | HSEB Notes

  1. Concept of Travel and Tourism
  2. Different Approaches of Tourism
  3. Nature of Tourism
  4. Purpose to Travel
  5. Different motives/purposes of tourism
  6. Determining factors of tourism
  7. Advantages of Tourism
  8. Types of Tourism
  9. Differences between Visitor, Tourist and Excursionist
  10. Development of Tourism In SAARC
  11. Development/Evolution of Tourism Global Context
  12. Development of Tourism In Nepal



Unit 1: Introduction

  • Concepts and meaning of tourism
  • Nature of tourism
  • Motivational factors of travel
  • Determining factors of tourism
  • Types of tourism

Unit 2: Meaning of Visitors, Tourists and Excursionists

  • Concepts and meaning of visitors
  • Concepts and meaning of tourist and tourist profiles
  • Excursionist

Unit 3: Evolution of Tourism

  • Evolution of tourism – global perspective
  • Evolution of tourism in the region (SAARC)
  • Evolution of tourism in Nepal

Unit 4: Components of Tourism

  • Attraction: Attraction in tourism and its types
  • Accessibility: Accessibility in tourism and means of transport
  • Accommodation: Accommodation in tourism and its types
  • Amenities: Amenities in tourism

Unit 5: Organizations and Associations Involved in Tourism

  • Introduction and need of organizations/ associations in tourism

5.2. International

  • International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and its function
  • UN World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and its functions
  • Universal Federation of Travel Agent Association (UFTAA) and its functions
  • Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) and its functions
  • International Air Transport Association (IATA), its roles and functions

5.3. National

  • National Tourism Council (NTC) and its functions
  • Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation (MoTCA) and its functions
  • Nepal Tourism Board (NTB); role and functions
  • Nepal Association of Tour and Travel Agents (NATTA) and its functions
  • Trekking Agents Association of Nepal (TAAN) and its functions
  • Hotel Association of Nepal (HAN); role and functions
  • Other major associations of Nepal, such as NARA, TURGAN, etc

Unit 6: Major Tourism Products of Nepal

  • Natural and cultural resources of Nepal
  • Tourism Geography of Nepal
  • Himalayan region – Natural and cultural resources
  • Mid Hilly region – Natural and cultural resources
  • Terai Region – Natural and cultural resources
  • National Parks, Wildlife Reserve and Conservation Areas of Nepal
  • Other attractions of Nepal, including new products of tourism magnitudes.

Unit 7: Tourism Sectoral Operation in Nepal

  • Tourism activities (Businesses) operating in Nepal

7.2. Travel agency, its operational structure and scope of operation

  • Role of travel agencies
  • Types of travel agencies
  • Source of income of travel agency
  • Functions of travel agency

7.3. Trekking Agency, its operational structure and scope of operation

  • Basics of trekking operations
  • Trekking in Nepal
  • Trekking regions of Nepal
  • Operational guidelines
  • Altitude sickness.

7.4. Rafting in Nepal

  • Rafting equipments
  • Major rafting rivers and their special features.
  • International classification of difficulties (Rivers and rapids)
  • Operational guidelines
  • Basic information on other tourist services operations

Unit 8: Importance of Tourism

  • Importance of tourism from global, regional and national perspectives;
  • Economic importance
  • Social importance
  • Educational importance

Unit 9: Impacts of Tourism

  • Positive and negative impacts and measures to minimize/eliminate negative impacts
  • Economic impacts
  • Social impacts
  • Natural impacts
  • Basics of sustainable development of tourism

Unit 10: Career Prospects and Attributes in Tourism

  • Tourism occupation
  • Why choose tourism carrier
  • Is tourism for you?
  • Success factors
  • Attributes

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