Sociology -XII



Unit I Development of Sociology and Anthropology in Nepal

• History of sociology and anthropology in Nepal
• Scope and importance of Sociology and Anthropology in Nepal

Unit II People and Economy of Nepal

A. People

      • Population size and distribution
      • Fertility, mortality and migration of the inhabitants of mountain, hill and Terai

      • Pluralism and diversity
B. Economy

      • Existing subsistence, commercial and industrial economic systems in Nepal

C. National Integration

      • Historical process of nationhood and cultural integration (language, rituals and customs), normative integration and social integration

Unit III Social Stratification in Nepal

• Caste/ethnicity based social stratification

• Gender based social stratification

• Economy based social stratification

Unit IV Social and Cultural Change in Nepal

• Gradual and planned social and cultural change in Nepal

• Processes of modernization, urbanization, Sanskritization and Hinduization in Nepal
• Factors of social and cultural change in Nepal

• Role of communication and media in social and cultural change in Nepal

• Resistance to social and cultural change

Unit V Major Religions and Festivals in Nepal and Their Sociological andAnthropological Implications

Religions

     • Introduction to and origin of religion

     • Hinduism: Key features, sects: Shaivism, Vaishnavism and Shaktism

     • Buddhism: Key features, sects: Vajrayan, Mahayan and Hinayan

     • Islam: Key features, sects: Siya and Sunni

     • Christianity: Key features, sects: Catholics and Protestants

     • Kirat: Key features

Festivals

     • Dashain, Tihar, Holi, Chhath, Lhosar, Id, Christmas

Unit VI Brief Ethnographies of the Peoples of Nepal