Sociology -XII

Unit I Development of Sociology and Anthropology in Nepal

• History of sociology and anthropology in Nepal
• Scope and importance of Sociology and Anthropology in Nepal

Unit II People and Economy of Nepal

A. People

 • Population size and distribution
 • Fertility, mortality and migration of the inhabitants of mountain, hill and Terai

 • Pluralism and diversity
B. Economy

 • Existing subsistence, commercial and industrial economic systems in Nepal

C. National Integration

 • Historical process of nationhood and cultural integration (language, rituals and customs), normative integration and social integration

Unit III Social Stratification in Nepal

• Caste/ethnicity based social stratification

• Gender based social stratification

• Economy based social stratification

Unit IV Social and Cultural Change in Nepal

• Gradual and planned social and cultural change in Nepal

• Processes of modernization, urbanization, Sanskritization and Hinduization in Nepal
• Factors of social and cultural change in Nepal

• Role of communication and media in social and cultural change in Nepal

• Resistance to social and cultural change

Unit V Major Religions and Festivals in Nepal and Their Sociological andAnthropological Implications


 • Introduction to and origin of religion

 • Hinduism: Key features, sects: Shaivism, Vaishnavism and Shaktism

 • Buddhism: Key features, sects: Vajrayan, Mahayan and Hinayan

 • Islam: Key features, sects: Siya and Sunni

 • Christianity: Key features, sects: Catholics and Protestants

 • Kirat: Key features


 • Dashain, Tihar, Holi, Chhath, Lhosar, Id, Christmas

Unit VI Brief Ethnographies of the Peoples of Nepal

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