Sociology XI | HSEB Notes

Unit I. Introduction to Sociology

Unit II. Introduction to Anthropology

• Definition, nature and scope
• Branches
• Sub-divisions of anthropology
• Relationship of anthropology with other social sciences

Unit III. Basic Concepts in Anthropology and Sociology

• Society
• Social system
• Community

• Culture

• Social norms and values

• Status and role
• Class
• Social group
• Social organization
• Caste
• Ethnicity
• Gender

Unit IV. Social Processes

• Meaning and definition of social process
• Meaning and definition of:
  • Acculturation
  • Accommodation
  • Adaptation
  • Amalgamation
  • Assimilation
  • Competition
  • Conflict
  • Cooperation
  • Integration
  • Socialization

Unit V. Social Institutions

• Meaning and definition of social institution
• Family
• Marriage
• Kinship

Unit VI. Social Stratification

• Meaning and definition of social stratification
• Dimensions of social stratification
• Class, caste/ethnicity, economy and gender based stratification

Unit VII. Social and Cultural Change

• Processes of social and cultural change
• Factors of social and cultural change
• Role of communication and media in social and cultural change

Unit VIII. Key Figures in the History of Sociology and anthropology and theirselected Contributions


A. Comte – Positivism
Max Weber – Class, Status and Power


EB Tylor – Concept of cultural evolution
B. Malinowski – Functions of culture

Unit IX. Sociological/Anthropological Research

  • Meaning and definition of social research
  • Language of social research
  • Steps of social research
  • Research proposal
  • Methods of data collection
  • Questionnaire
  • Interview
  • Observation
  • Data analysis and report writing

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