@ Eqv. Mass of A = Mass of A
Eqv. Mass of B Mass of B
à This relation tells that the combining mass reactants is always in the ratio of their equivalent mass. This law is also known as LAW OF CHEMICAL EQUIVALENCE.
@ Atomic Mass = Eqv. Mass X Valency
@ ‘Gram Eqv.’ or ‘Eqv.’
à Eqv. mass of a substance, expressed in gram is ‘one gram equivalent’ or ‘1 eqv.’
@ Equivalent Mass of a compound
a) Eqv. mass of acid
= Molecular Mass of acid
where Basicity of an acid is defined as no. of H+ ions displaced or OH- ions combined per molecule of the acid.
Eqv. mass of H2SO4 = 98 / 2 = 49
b) Eqv. mass of Base
= Molecular Mass
where acidity of the base is defined as the no. of H+ ions consumed or OH- ions displaced per molecule of the base.
Eq. Mass of Ca(OH)2 = 74/2 = 37
c) Eqv. mass of Salt
= Molecular Mass of Salt
Total no. of charge in basic or acid radical per molecule
Eq. mass of Na2CO3 = 106 / 2 = 53