Alkyl Halides



ALKYL HALIDES
ALKYL HALIDES
 Organic compound containing halogen atom as a functional group are called alkyl halides. Alkyl halides     are very reactive organic compounds .
 The general formula of alkyl halide is CnH2n+1– X, where X= Cl, Br, I.

 Example:
 CH3-Cl (Methyl Chloride),CH3-Br (Methyl bromide) ,C2H5-Br (Ethyl Bromide) ,C3H7-Br (Propyl     bromide) etc. etc.
CLASSIFICATION OF ALKYL HALIDES
 Alkyl halides are classified into three classes:
  PRIMARY ALKYL HALIDE:
 Alkyl halides containing primary C-atom are called primary alkyl halides.
  For example:
  CH3-CH2-I (Ethyl iodide) ,
  SECONDARY ALKYL HALIDE:
 Alkyl halides containing secondary c-atom are called secondary alkyl halides.
  
For example:
  TERTIARY ALKYL HALIDE: Alkyl halides containing tertiary c-atom are called tertiary alkyl halide.
  For example:

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