Differernce of Prokaryotic cells & Eukaryotic cells



Prokaryotic cells:

         cell

  • The nucleus lacks nuclear membrane, nucleolus and nuclear nucleoplasm.
  • DNA is not covered by histone parotein.
  • Membrane bundled cell organells core absent.
  • Uusally, DNA is cicular.
  • Mesosomes are the site of cellular respiration.
  • 70s type of ribosome are found.
  • Cell wall: Murien or peptidoglycan.

Eukaryotic cells:

 cell

  •  The nucleus is well organized.
  • DNA is covered by histone protein and non-histone proteins to form chromosome and is multiple in number.
  • Membrane bounded cell organelles are present.
  • Usually, DNA is linear in chromosome. Extra-nulcear DNA is (chloroplast and mitrochondria) are circular.
  • Mitochondria are the site of cellular respiration.
  • Both 70s and 80s of ribosome are found.
  • Cell wall: cellulose(in plants) chitin (in fungi)