Generally, people who travel from one place to another are called tourists and their activity is called tourism.
First definition of tourism: It was given by Austrian economist Herman Van Scheullard in 1910. According to him-“The sum total of operation mainly of economic nature which is directly related to entry, stay and movement of foreigner inside or outside a certain city or region is tourism.”
Demerits of this definition:
- Focused on mainly operation
- Ignores the domestic tourists
In 1993, WTO suggested official and technical definition of tourism for statistical purpose and it is-“Tourism is the activity of person travelling to and staying in places outside the usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business or any other purpose.”
Conclusion: Tourism is an experience rather than goods.